Special surgeries

Sport as medicine

Tailored sports therapies are one of our specialist areas. Sport is good for your health, even when you are ill. It has been scientifically proven that most people with chronic illnesses benefit from regular exercise. However, it is always important to treat each patient as an individual, since “one-size-fits-all” recommendations for exercise can be ineffective or even dangerous. On the other hand, individual sports therapy can considerably improve the prognosis of disease, as well as the patient’s quality of life. At the Centre for Preventive and Sports Medicine, we integrate sport into our patients’ treatment plan, as a key part of their treatment (secondary / tertiary prevention). After the relevant preliminary examinations, we advise our patients on the dosage and intensity that will be the most effective for them.

With precise instructions and the signature of doctor and patient, exercise is as much a key part of treatment with us as taking tablets. Our vast studies on cardiology and oncology have given us extraordinary expertise in the field of sports therapy. We have prescribed sport as medicine to many thousands of patients since our Centre for Preventive and Sports Medicine was founded in 2003. We can now support them with telemedicine.

Cancer and sports therapy

Almost every third person will suffer from cancer at some point in their life. Sport now has a special significance in cancer treatment. Numerous scientific studies over the years have shown that physical exercise reduces symptoms of chemo and radiotherapy, contributes to a higher recovery rate and lower risk of relapse. We therefore recommend starting training on the first day of diagnosis. Exercise is always possible - while staying at the clinic, undergoing chemo or radiotherapy as an outpatient, during rehabilitation or at home. Even minimal physical activity has a positive effect and targeted, individually adapted therapy is even more effective.

Benefits of individual sports therapy for cancer patients

  • An end to passivity - the chance to actively fight the illness
  • Improve quality of life
  • Improve prognosis 
  • Better tolerance of chemo and radiotherapy
  • Fewer side effects (exhaustion, tiredness, nausea, pain, anxiety and depression)

We set up a special outpatient clinic for “Sport and Cancer” back in 2008. Call us and we will be happy to draw up a medically supervised, moderate exercise programme for you. We adapt the intensity in various phases, according to your capacity for exercise and your preferences. Training is done individually or in groups and is organised through the Kuratorium für Prävention und Rehabilitation an der TU München e. V.


Along with sports therapy, the correct diet will also help to positively influence your chances of recovery. That is why we offer a special surgery on “cancer and diet“.

The heart and sports therapy

Sport strengthens the heart and circulation. Regular physical activity is therefore highly recommended for heart and vascular diseases (such as chronic high blood pressure and chronic cardiac insufficiency) and even after a heart attack. However, patients should never train without supervision, because too little training will not have the desired effect and too much strain puts their health at risk.

The basis for efficient training is a training plan for stamina, strength and coordination, tailored to age, physical capabilities, any other illnesses, medication and individual motivation.

Our extensive scientific studies have made us exceptionally experienced and well-known in the field of sports therapy. Cardiac patients come to us from all over Germany and beyond. We prescribe our patients optimum individual training plans (“sport on prescription”), after sports medicine and cardiological examinations such as echocardiography, stress echocardiography or cardiopulmonary exercise tests (where maximum oxygen capacity is reached and the ideal pulse rate for training is found).

Cardiac patients in our care always train with a heart rate monitor. We also look after patients using telemedicine to accurately assess intensity of exercise and to enable us to continuously adapt training. In cooperation with Kuratorium für Prävention und Rehabilitation e. V. we look after several sport and heart groups, where people train under medical supervision and instruction by specially trained coaches, gradually increasing their training intensity.

Benefits of individual sports therapy for cardiac patients

  • Takes the strain off the heart
  • Strengthens the heart by improving heart muscle function
  • Widening of blood vessels and formation of new blood vessels
  • Lowers raised blood pressure and blood fat values
  • Improves maximum oxygen uptake from blood
  • Reduces the risk of serious heart and vascular problems such as heart attack and stroke
  • Increases respiratory volume
  • Improves exercise tolerance and performance
Diabetes and sports therapy

More than 8,000,000 people in Germany have diabetes (Source: Deutscher Gesundheitsbericht Diabetes 2020). Around 90 percent of them suffer from type 2 diabetes, which is caused by lifestyle. These figures were published by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Diabetologie in 2016. Lack of exercise is one of the main causes of type 2 diabetes. Correspondingly, taking enough regular exercise is important for these patients. A sports medicine examination is essential before beginning training, because patients with diabetes often already have hardened vessel walls. Strain caused by exercising the wrong way can be extremely dangerous as it can, for example, trigger a heart attack.

In our special surgery on “sport and diabetes”, we find out how much exercise you can tolerate and draw up your individual training plan. We explain what combination of stamina and strength training will have a positive influence on your blood sugar levels, help with weight loss and so reduce your risk of secondary diseases. How great an effect exercise has on blood sugar levels differs from patient to patient. Regular sports medicine examinations enable us to continually adapt sports therapy.

Patients with type 1 diabetes can also exercise and improve their health. However, they have to pay close attention to their blood sugar levels when they exercise. Strenuous or incorrect training can cause blood sugar to plummet, resulting in dangerously low blood sugar. A tailored training plan with the optimum intensity of exercise for each patient helps to avoid such problems.

Benefits of individual sports therapy for diabetes patients

  • Reduces blood sugar levels
  • Improves sensitivity to insulin
  • Loss of excess weight and reduction of abdominal fat
  • Builds muscles and increases basal metabolic rate
  • Prevents and/or treats high blood pressure
  • Prevents late complications such as kidney function disorders, damage to retina, vascular calcification and heart attack

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